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Lichfields ready for #GetNorth2018

Lichfields ready for #GetNorth2018

Robert Dibden 21 Jun 2018
Anticipation is building in the North East ahead of the opening of the UK’s biggest cultural event of 2018. Starting on Friday 22 June, NewcastleGateshead will host the Great Exhibition of the North, a three month celebration of the North of England’s contribution to art and science across the world. The Great Exhibition is intended to showcase the talents of the North, both past and present, through a series of exhibits, live performances, new artworks and experiences. It forms part of the Government’s wider Northern Powerhouse agenda and is arguably the most tangible contribution to date. The cityscape of NewcastleGateshead will provide the physical backdrop to an event which is hoped to mark the next step forward for the City’s regeneration. Starting with the opening evening’s celebration, NewcastleGateshead’s Quayside will provide the stunning setting for the Exhibition’s showcase installation; a spectacular water sculpture which will see 30 rocket jets project vertical columns of water between 25m and 50m into the air right in the middle of the River Tyne. The sculpture is inspired by another of the North East’s cultural icons, the Angel of the North in Gateshead, and mimics the Angel’s 75m wingspan. Situated between the famous Millennium and Tyne Bridges, it should certainly be a dramatic display the like of which has never before been seen on the River. Lichfields are delighted to have prepared and managed the planning applications required to install the sculpture, which in planning terms occupies a highly sensitive location bounded by Newcastle’s Central Conservation Area to the north, and Gateshead’s Bridges Conservation Area to the south west. A number of listed buildings are also situated in close proximity to the application site, including the Tyne Bridge. Working with both Newcastle City Council and Gateshead Council, Lichfields prepared a robust assessment of the installation’s potential impact upon these heritage assets, and also worked with several consultees in order to mitigate against any possible ecological impacts. This resulted in the rapid granting of both planning applications within just six weeks of submission.   Aside from the opening evening, the Great Exhibition includes a number of other art installations and events which will be in place until September. These include the return of Stephenson’s Rocket to the Great North Museum in Newcastle, a week-long festival of northern music at Sage Gateshead, and a summit to showcase Northern business innovation.   In addition, Lichfields also obtained three separate Scheduled Monument Consents for the installation of ‘Whistle’, a temporary art installation comprising a series of replica steam locomotive whistles tracing the route of Newcastle’s ancient town walls. This installation is intended to highlight the centuries of development of Newcastle as a great northern city. The whistles will be triggered once a day at precisely 1pm and are exact replicas of the distinctive bell whistles unique to North Eastern railway locomotives; recalling the role of Newcastle in the development of railways and locomotive engineering.   As planners we couldn’t be more aware of the positive contribution events such as the Great Exhibition can have in terms of cultural and economic regeneration. Think, for example, of Liverpool’s year as European Capital of Culture in 2008 and the impetus this clearly provided for development in that City [1]. NewcastleGateshead itself has a proud heritage of these kind of major cultural events, going back all the way to Gateshead’s Garden Festival in the summer of 1990 and the contribution this made to the remediation and clearance of land which has subsequently been developed to provide innovative housing and recreational schemes.   In purely economic terms, the Great Exhibition itself is this time expected to reach an audience of three million people during 2018, with up to 600,000 additional overnight visitors, and to bring in up to £56 million to the area’s economy.   At Lichfields we are thrilled to have played our part in assisting with preparations for the Great Exhibition, and we would urge anyone to make a visit to NewcastleGateshead this summer to experience for yourself all that the North East can offer.   You can find out more about the Great Exhibition of the North here.  [1] https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-merseyside-42637759

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The local impact of new housing in the North East
In the draft National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) and associated draft Planning Practice Guidance (PPG) that were recently consulted on, there was a welcome, albeit brief, nod towards the benefits that new development can bring to a local area. The draft guidance states that local authorities should do more to publicise the local environmental improvements (e.g. to highways, open space and education) that developers make contributions towards. It is suggested that this could be achieved through on-site signage or even designing websites that help to inform the public about exactly what new developments are contributing to their local areas. From a development industry perspective, anything that helps to encourage public support for new development is welcome.   One issue, however, that is persistently absent in terms of helping achieve widespread public support is the impact of new development - particularly new housing - on local house prices. Most people have an understanding of the factors that can affect house prices; it is well known that the location of a nearby station, or a school with an ‘Outstanding’ Ofsted rating can increase the desirability of an area and can, over time, increase property values. New housing development, by contrast, is often cited as a factor that will adversely affect the value of nearby properties and local support for new housing development can weaken as a result. Despite this not being a material consideration in planning decision-making, it is still of course a concern for local residents, given that a house, for many, is likely to represent one of their largest financial outlays and investments.    Clearly, there is a need to improve understanding of how 'microscale' factors affect house prices at a local area level. The challenge associated with this is in distinguishing the effects on house prices that are directly attributable to any one particular factor from a range of other complex factors. This problem is felt more acutely at a local level, where a reduction in scale coincides with an increase in the significance of factors that are location-specific.    At Lichfields, we have carried out research that has adopted an evidence-based approach to this topic, by examining the ‘house price effects’ across 26 new housing sites in the North East of England. Sites sampled ranged in terms of their size, density, character, relationship to existing urban form, previous use classification and of course the surrounding housing market strength. The principal aim of the research was to develop a simple, yet robust methodology that quantifies house price change within a local area. Our Insight Focus outlines the approach taken and describes the results in more detail.   What we have found is that there is no strong evidence to suggest that adverse effects on property values took place in areas surrounding new housing development. In fact, when aggregated across all sites, a positive price effect of around 4% was determined. The methodology for measuring house price change, combined with a highly-localised sampling strategy, gave us a degree of confidence to conclude that new local housebuilding is highly likely to have a major impact on the observed positive price effects. In fact all seven of the local authorities sampled demonstrated positive price effects, with County Durham, North Tyneside and South Tyneside performing well in this respect. The results also suggested that greenfield and rural-urban fringe sites performed marginally better than brownfield and urban sites. Within the context of the North East housing market, mid-range value areas performed the best.       In almost all of the 26 new housing sites the point after which the first unit sold coincided with an increase in housing market activity (number of transactions) that was independent of the new build sales. This suggests that new housing can actually re-invigorate a local housing market, possibly by triggering a displacement effect. This could also help to explain the mechanism by which local area house prices may rise as a result of new housing development in the area.     Whilst we are keen to acknowledge the limitations of this research - it’s relatively narrow geographical focus and moderate sample size being two - we also recognise the potential for this type of study to be carried out in other regions of the UK. Our research contributes to an improved understanding of local area level house price change and if conducted in other areas too, could be a way of reassuring local residents that new homes in their area will not adversely affect their house price. This could in turn support more positive public engagement locally, when planning for new homes. See our other blogs in this series: National Planning Policy Framework review: what to expect? Draft revised National Planning Policy Framework: a change in narrative NPPF consultation proposals – what could they mean for town centres? NPPF consultations – what could they mean for designers? Draft NPPF: heritage policy is conserved… Draft NPPF: implications for aviation? Draft NPPF: Business as usual? Draft NPPF: more emphasis on healthy and safe communities Lichfields will publish further analysis of the consultation on the revised NPPF and its implications. Click here to subscribe for updates.

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